As the obesity epidemic continues to grow, more and more people will turn to drastic measures to try to lose weight. There was a fad a few years ago where people would have their jaws wired shut. Another choice is to have gastric bypass surgery which is a very serious decision that should never be made lightly. Anyone who is thinking that they are ready for gastric bypass of any type should stop and discuss all of their options with their surgeon including the realistic expectations for what will happen after the surgery is completed. Patients who are not ready for the surgery can find themselves overwhelmed with what is happening afterward.
Different Gastric Bypass Surgery Types
Gastric bypass surgery is not just one procedure but a blanket term for many different types of surgery. The most common of these types of surgery is the Roux en Y procedure which makes a small pouch at the top of the stomach by using either staples or a plastic band. This procedure is not reversible ophtalmologues Courbevoie.
The Lap Band Surgery is an adjustable gastric band which is placed around the top of the stomach. As the patient loses weight, the band can be adjusted to make it tighter and control hunger better. Without being adjusted, the band can slip off the stomach and cause serious problems. After the Lap Band surgery, patients will return to the doctor’s office for adjustments several times, keeping them more accountable in their weight loss efforts.
A sleeve gastrectomy is used in the most severe cases of obesity, those that are deemed to be too dangerous for the other surgical types. Another non reversible procedure, this one is accomplished by removing about 15% of the stomach itself, stapling what is left into a pouch that will form a sleeve (giving the procedure its name). The procedure is usually done laparoscopically. This procedure may be done to kick off weight loss after which the surgeon may convert to another type of weight loss surgery. However, if weight loss is progressing correctly, it may not need to be done.
Gastric bypass surgery of all types can be done either as a laparoscopic procedure which offers fewer risks and shorter recovery time or an open procedure which may lengthen the recovery time and increase the risk but may be the only option if complications occur. The surgeon may plan to use the closed procedure and then have to change once the surgery begins, which should also be planned for when taking time off work or making arrangements for help around your home until you are back on your feet.
The Guidelines for Gastric Bypass Surgery
There are a number of guidelines for the gastric bypass surgery that must be met before it will be performed. For instance, the patient’s BMI has to be 40 or above unless there are serious, life-threatening conditions that can be directly related to the excess weight. These chronic conditions can include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers. The age guidelines are set at 18-65; however, some surgeons will consider performing the surgery on those who are younger if their life is threatened by their weight. You must have been obese for five years or longer and be able to establish that conventional diet plans are simply not effective for you. The doctor will also evaluate mental health. You cannot have untreated depression or major psychiatric disorder. You also cannot have an ongoing alcohol problem.